Exceptions


Exceptions are thrown every time an error occurs. The list of all built in exceptions can be accessed at http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/Exception.html.

Exceptions are handled using try/catch statements. All code that may throw an exception must follow the Catch or Specify requirement. To follow that requirement, just wrap the code that may throw an error in a try block. If, for some reason, it's not suitable or you cannot use try/catch, you must specify all exceptions a method/function can throw using the throws keyword

public void writeFile() throws IOException

You can also throw an exception in the code using throw new:

throw new IllegalArgumentException("Number not above 0");
/* Will print 
    Exception in thread "Main": java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: Number not above 0
*/

Exceptions are handled using try/catch, which are covered in an earlier lesson:

try {
    System.out.println(arr[10]);
catch (ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException ex) {
    System.out.println("Error in try block");
}

Exercise

Write code in the tutorial codeto throw an IllegalArgumentException if (n < 0). It should show "Error" as description. HINT: Look at expected output, and at second code snippet.